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Active substances occurring in plants, part I.

05 July 2021

The basic nutrients are fats, carbohydrates, proteins and nitrogen compounds, but much more. They determine the usefulness of wild plants in the kitchen. Some of them do not constitute building or energy material, and yet are essential for humans.

I will try to characterize them in a simple way:


Proteins, or enzymes, are the basic building blocks of cells. They are made of amino acids. They are divided into endogenous - those that man is able to produce himself, and exogenous - those that must be assimilated from food.

The best digestible protein with a set of exogenous amino acids is nuts.

Nuts are a range of valuable minerals, such as iron, zinc and selenium. The highest content of the first trace element is found in cashews, zinc - pine nuts, and Brazil nuts are an unrivaled source of selenium.

Due to the low sodium level, nuts are perfect for the diet of people struggling with hypertension. It is also worth remembering about the richness of vitamins. The recommended portion of hazelnuts and almonds covers 100% of the recommended daily intake of vitamin E for men.

Due to its antioxidant activity, it protects us against free radicals, slowing down the aging process and the development of cardiovascular diseases, as well as cancer. Other ingredients of nuts that have a beneficial effect on our health are phenolic compounds and sterols. The latter are involved in lowering cholesterol absorption, which protects against its high levels in the blood. On the other hand, phenolic compounds affect the sensory characteristics and improve the stability of nut oils, increasing their resistance to oxidation.

in the next part I will deal with carbohydrates :)